Pengertian Penelitian Tindakan Kelas

Writed by:  Hafiz Muthoharoh, S.Pd.I

Pengertian Penelitian Tindakan Kelas

Penelitian tindakan telah mulai berkembang sejak perang dunia kedua. Oleh sebab itu, terdapat banyak pengertian tentang Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK). Istilah PTK dideferensiasi dari pengertian_pengertian berikut. Kemmis (1992): Action research as a form of self-reflective inquiry undertaken by participants in a social (including educational) situation in order to improve the rationality and justice of (a) their on social or educational practices, (b) their understanding of these practices, and (c) the situations in which practices are carried out.

McNeiff (2002): action research is a term which refer to a practical way of looking at your own work to sheck that it is you would like it to be. Because action research is done by you, the practitioner, it is often referred to as practitioner based research; and because it involves you thinking about and reflecting on your work, it can also be called a form of self-reflective practice.

Berdasarkan penjelasan Kemmis dan McNeiff tersebut, dapat dicermati pengertian Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK) secara lebih rinci dan lengkap. Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK) didefinisikan sebagai suatu bentuk kajian yang bersifat reflektif oleh pelaku tindakan. Tindakan tersebut dilakukan untuk meningkatkan kemantapan rasional dari tindakan-tindakan mereka dalam melaksanakan tugas sehari-hari, memperdalam pemahaman terhadap tindakan-tindakan yang dilakukan, serta memperbaiki kondisi di mana praktik-praktik pembelajaran tersebut dilakukan. Untuk mewujudkan tujuan-tujuan tersebut,Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK) dilaksanakan dalam proses berdaur (cyclical) yang terdiri dari empat tahapan, planing, action, observation/evaluation, dan reflection.

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